Did you know espresso is regulated by the Italian government because it is considered an essential part of their daily life?
Espresso is a full-flavoured coffee that is usually served in “shots”. It is highly concentrated. It is made by forcing pressurized, hot water through very finely ground coffee beans. The process is usually called “pulling a short”. It is a special style of coffee drink that is made from an espresso machine which is designed only for this purpose. It is well known for it’s rich coffee flavour. Not only for it’s taste it is also well known for the health benefits it offers as it enhances long term memory. It also helps to lose weight and it lowers the risk of diabetes. There are myriad kinds of espresso drinks available, some of them are doppio, ristretto, lungo, macchiato, caffè noisette, cappuccino, dry cappuccino, americano, affogato, breve, mocha, caffè con hielo, con panna, flat white and latte. One can make espresso using an espresso machine, a moka pot, an aeropress or even using a regular coffee maker.
Now let’s know how to make different types of espresso drinks at home.
Espresso or strongly brewed coffee from an Aeropress
3% of non-fat milk
cocoa powder to garnish
- Shallow and wide coffee cup
- A closed jar
- Make your espresso: Strongly brewed espresso from a home espresso maker or a capsule machine like a Nespresso will do. Otherwise use strongly brewed coffee from an Aeropress, it shouldn’t be diluted with any water. Start with about 1/3 cup espresso, but it is your wish.
- Froth the milk: Take a jar and fill the half of it with milk. Tighten the lid, and start shaking the jar as hard as you can until the milk is frothy and has roughly has increased twice it’s real volume, for at most 1 minute.
- Heat the milk: Now take the lid off and heat it for 30 seconds until the foam rises to the top of the milk.
- To the espresso add this warm milk: Now take the shallow coffee cup and pour the espresso into it. Try to hold back the milk foam using a spoon, and then pour as much warm milk as you would like into the espresso.
- Add foam to the latte: Spoon as much milk foam as you would like onto your latte. Garnish, if desired, with a sprinkle of cocoa powder or nutmeg on top of the foam.
Now your latte is ready to serve!
- 25 ml Espresso coffee
- 85 ml of fresh milk
- Coffee Cup
- Make your espresso:
You can make an espresso using a Nespresso machine or maybe use a Bialetti Moka.
- Heat the milk:
Fill half of the cup with milk and start heating it in microwave or stove until it’s really hot.
- Whip milk into a thick froth with a whisk:
Take a whisk , and start whipping the milk until you have thick froth. Prevent the formation of any big bubbles, so it is better to just whip for 2 minutes.
- Swirling and tapping:
To condense the foam start swirling the glass and to pop the bubbles tap it on the counter. Continue this process until this looks nice and creamy.
Now immediately after the last swirl, pour this into the espresso and make the foam come out before the rest of milk comes to make it sit nicely over the espresso.
Now your cappuccino is ready to serve!
- Freshly roasted coffee beans
- Hot water
- Automatic Grinder
- Stove-top kettle
- Heat up the water:
For brewing coffee 205 degrees F is the perfect water temperature. However, with an Aeropress, you can you can keep the temperature between 185 – 205 degrees F.
- Grinding the coffee beans to a powder:
Grind your beans, until you have 2 tablespoons of finely powdered coffee beans.
- Fill the Aeropress with the coffee grounds:
Fill the Aeropress with your coffee and give good enough pressure on it until they are nice and compact.
- Stir and steep:
Take 120 ml of the heated water and then pour the water into the Aeropress and give it a quick stir.
Wait for atleast 30 seconds after , then plunge with just the weight of your hand. Now start pushing it even if you feel lot of resistance while doing. Once the plunger is fully depressed, remove the press.
Note: we talked about making espresso with an AeroPress here, but in reality the coffee from AeroPress is not authentic espresso. For more information about it, read The Spruce’s page about espresso. For an authentic Italian coffee, you need special equipment. Here is a guide on how to choose an automatic espresso machine.
Your espresso is ready to serve!
If you never tried espresso based drinks, this is the perfect time to do it. Ten years ago this would have been virtually impossible; five years ago, difficult.
Starbucks are still a thriving business because of the convenience and the atmosphere in their shops. However, any for the Starbucks espresso based drinks can be easily replicated at home with success. Here are a few of the espresso drinks served there:
- Café AmericanoL
- Caramel Macchiato
- Cascara Coconutmilk Latte
- Cinnamon Dolce Latte
- Coconut Mocha Macchiato
- Espresso Con Panna
- Espresso Macchiato
- Flat White
- Iced Café Americano
- Latte Macchiato
- Skinny Mocha
The act of making a great coffee is not exclusive coffee shops anymore. Internet allows people to find information easily, and the coffee makers are now cheaper than before. Coffee enthusiasts from all around the world are touch with each other, circulating knowledge more widely and more rapidly than ever before. The Internet has created a golden era for hobbyists in general, and for coffee hobbyists in particular!